Are you Jackson Ready? Check out our safety and tips checklist!
We want you to have an enjoyable, memorable, and, most importantly, a safe trip to the North Carolina Mountains. Below are many tips to help you make the most of your trip.
Even if you have seen other people enjoy playing around waterfalls, be aware they have been lucky to escape unharmed. Waterfalls are constantly changing with varying water flows and erosion of the rocks around them. The current from one place to the next may be faster than you anticipate and the arrangement of rocks or other debris such as logs in the plunge pool is ever-changing. Take no chances, only photographs for memories.
- Follow instructions posted at all Waterfalls and Trails.
- Stay on developed trails, observation decks and platforms.
- Do not jump off waterfalls or dive into pools. While a pool might seem deep, there could be large rocks not visible from the surface. Rocks and logs can be hidden beneath the surface of the water. Often waterfall pools have swirling water or currents that can drag and keep you underwater.
- Do not climb on rocks above waist height.
- Do not swim or wade upstream near a waterfall.
- Watch your footing. Dry rocks can be just as slippery as wet ones, especially those covered with algae.
- The top of any waterfall is the most dangerous. do not lean over a ledge at the top of falls.
- Watch children and pets at all times.
- Make sure you are in a safe, solid location before taking pictures or selfies. Do not go around barriers, fences or out of a safe area to get a better shot. This can prove deadly.
- Never visit waterfalls or hike alone.
- Bring your cell phone in case you need to call for assistance.
- Always let people know where you are going and when you expect to be back. In remote areas, there is not always cellular service.
- There are waterfalls that are in Jackson County that we do not list on our website because they do not allow for a safe experience. We recommend you stick to the waterfalls we list on our website for the best experience.
Source: WaterfallSafety.com and JCTDA
Rock stacking in and around water: Do not create stacked rocks or cairns in or around water. While on a trail they can prove useful to show the route, in a river they destroy the ecosystem. Plants and animals make their home under the rocks and moving them destroys their habitat. Learn more.
- Stay on the trail – while taking a shortcut might seem like a good idea, we are home to the most biologically diverse ecosystem on the planet. To protect species which live here, stick to the trail.
- Stay on the beaten path to avoid creatures and snakes that may be in the brush. We are home to both Copperheads and Rattlesnakes, and most bites occur when someone ventures off the main trail into the woods.
- Always let people know where you are going and when you expect to be back.
- Dress in layers for higher elevations as temperatures can drop as you reach the summit.
- Bring an extra battery pack for your cell phone if you’re going on an extended trek.
- Bring a topographic map or download an offline topo map app to your phone in areas you might not have service. There are many free apps like Offline Top Maps or All Trails which will save the maps to your telephone even when you don’t have service.
- If you’re planning an all-day trek in an unfamiliar area, take extra food and water, an extra cell phone battery pack and any other items you might need such as a headlamp if you may be hiking out after dark.
- Adequate footwear – many of our trails vary from paved paths on the parkway to small rocky boulders on more natural trails. Having proper hiking shoes provides for good ankle support on different terrains.
- Water – bring extra water, more than you think you’ll need. Bring it in a reusable bottle, and never litter used bottles along our trail.
- The Cashiers plateau in Jackson County receives a good bit of rainfall annually. Pack a lightweight raincoat just in case.
Panthertown Valley: Before you visit Panthertown Valley, also known as ‘Yosemite of the East’ you should purchase a map. It’s mandatory for navigating the 6,295 acres of waterfalls, trails and vistas. Maps can be purchased at local outfitters like Black Balsam Outdoors in Sylva or Highland Hiker in Cashiers. Additionally, they can be purchased online at www.PanthertownMap.com.
- Know in advance how to properly hang your food away from a bear’s or other animal’s reach.
- Store odorous food in airtight odor-concealing bags or containers.
- Take away any items you bring in with you.
- Ensure you check the weather forecast before you head out and wear appropriate layers and clothes.
- If building a campfire, follow these simple safety tips.
- Don’t camp out before a large snowstorm. While it might seem like a cool idea to wake up and take photos in a snowy-landscape, experienced hikers have done this before and ended up entirely disoriented because everything was covered in white and they could not find the trail and had to be rescued.
- In Sylva’s 1,000+ acre Pinnacle Park, there are three designated campsites. The permit to camp is free, but you must camp at one of three designated sites.
- When viewing wildlife, keep a safe distance from the animals. Do not approach them, only take photos from a distance.
- Elk viewing: willfully approaching within 50 yards (150 feet), or any distance that disturbs or displaces elk, is illegal in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Violation of this federal regulation can result in fines and arrest. Do not enter fields to view elk—remain by the roadside and use binoculars, telephoto lens, or a spotting scope to view the animals.
- Don’t feed animals. This could alter their natural behavior which could expose them to harm and other predators.
- For information on Black Bear Safety, click here.
Permits are required to fish in Jackson County. To learn more about permits, check out the ‘permits’ section of our Fishing Page.
Voluntourism is a thing! We believe in leaving everything a little better than you found it. Many of our trails are pristine, but a few people will discard a plastic bottle or waste along the trail. If you want to give back, bring a grocery bag with you and on the way back to the car, collect any debris you find on a trail to help keep them clean for others. Tag your photos #TrashTag and pay it forward! (the founder of global movement known as #TrashTag lives in Jackson County!)
- Plan Ahead and Prepare
- Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
- Dispose of Waste Properly
- Leave What You Find
- Minimize Campfire Impacts
- Respect Wildlife
- Be Considerate of Other Visitors
Click here for an easy reference sheet with the Leave No Trace Seven Principles.
© 1999 by the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics: www.LNT.org.
The North Carolina Mountains have been a summer vacation hotspot for decades and is known for its gorgeous fall foliage. We think our ‘Secret Season’ (January-March) offers spectacular views, when the crowds thin out and you have trails, vistas and attractions all to yourself. Not to mention, lodging rates are far lower and there’s no wait at your favorite restaurants.